Green is no longer just a color; it’s a movement rooted in environmentalism and sustainability. As people around the world have realized that we need to protect the planet if we want it to stay healthy and beautiful for future generations, more and more products have entered the market to push the green movement forward. Electric cars are one of those developments, giving consumers the choice to be more environmentally friendly in their everyday transportation. Although most Americans own and use gas-powered cars, electric vehicles are growing in popularity and as their technology progresses, they will become already more functional and appreciated. Electric means connectors are an integral part of this new form of transportation; the cars need them to strength up. But before we get into specifics, let’s look at the basics of electric vehicles.
Electric vehicles are a kind of automobile that uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. Unlike gas-powered cars, they are fueled by electricity, which can come from a variety of supplies (fossil fuels and nuclear strength, but also replaceable supplies like tidal, solar, and wind strength). They require less maintenance because they don’t have as many parts as traditional vehicles, and they offer tax benefits. Electric vehicles are also easy to charge at home, run on replaceable energy, and release no pollution from their tailpipes. There are many benefits to owning an electric car, but like most things, they come with disadvantages too. Electric vehicles can take several hours to charge and aren’t able to last on long road trips. They will also increase the need for electricity and there are very few models currently obtainable.
Charging up an electric means is easy, but it will require some patience. The most functional (but also expensive) option would be to buy a charging stop for home use. If you charge your car overnight, it will always be ready for the morning commute.
To make the time of action of charging an electric car more functional, national societies and commissions work together to establish industry standards for electric means connectors. The shared connector for the United States is the J1772 combo plug, which was chosen by the Society of Automotive Engineers. It allows for AC and DC charging, is 43mm in diameter, and contains five pins. Designed for single phase electrical systems with 120 V or 240 V, electric means connectors use a 1 kHz square wave at +/- 12 volts on the pilot pin (to detect the means, communicate the maximum allowable current, and control the charging course of action). These connectors will often be located outside, so it is important that they are able to resist environmental concerns like wind, rain, and heat. They are also equipped with many safety features like shock protection, connector pins located on the inside (so humans have no physical access), and pins that have zero voltage when not in use.
Technological advancements and growing popularity are helping consumers see electric vehicles as a viable different to their gas-guzzling automobiles, but it will take a while longer for them to truly compete. Right now, electric cars are just a great different for environmentally conscious drivers looking to make a change.