Types of Termite Control and Termite Swarmers
There are many species of termites. In this article I am going to focus on the most shared types, subterranean. There are 4 shared subterranean termites. They usually start swarming about mid to the end of January and end as late as September. Swarmers cannot eat wood. They have one purpose, which is to start new colonies by finding an area that provides both food and water. Three types of the subterranean will look for a breeding site in the ground while the most damaging kind (Formosans) has the ability to start a nest in your home.
Identifying swarmers is done in several ways. The easiest way is by the time of day they swarm. While the other three swarm during the day the Formosans swarm in the evening hours (usually between 8pm and 10:30pm) and are highly attracted to light. If Formosan swarmers go into your home and find a breeding site that provides both food and water they will pair up making a king and queen and a nest is started in your home. Then 2-3 years later you start seeing signs of termite damage and cannot find where they came up from the ground. This is because the nest is in your home. The Formosan queen lays on average 1-2,000 eggs per day and can live up to 15 years. This explosive population growth is why they can do more damage than most other termites eating on average up to a pound of wood per day. Another way to clarify termites when you find them entering your home is by catching a soldier termite. The soldier termite has a darker head than the workers and they have mandibles (pinchers) to help protect the colony. The workers are what you will find the most. They are a small, all white with little round heads. You cannot tell one worker from another unless you are an entomologist.
Most pest control companies do not cover this kind of termite invasion. Termite contracts usually cover termites coming up from the ground only and if you have any other buildings and trees on your character they are not covered unless stated in your contract. So this makes it your responsibility to protect yourself from this kind of infestation. There are 2 types of termiticides used for controlling and/or eliminating termites. One I like to call my obstacle and the other I call my carrier. The obstacle chemical kills them when they come into contact with it. The carrier chemical has a move effect. This method that they have no idea what they picked up is being transferred to the other termites and is going to eliminate the whole colony. Trenching around foundations, pilings, drilling a hole about every 12″ in concrete areas, and treating around plumbing and fireplaces that contact the ground are effective long term (usually 5-10 years) control. Foundation homes usually provide an area under your slab where they can come in by the bathroom plumbing and have a panel from inside the home (most situations) to provide access to this area for treatment. Since the average cost of termite damage repair is around $8,000.00, prevention goes a long way. One of the best and longest staying strength types of obstacle chemicals is the chemical bifenthrin and can protect you for as long as 13.5 years. obstacle chemicals prevent the termites from entering your home and save up to one third the costs of your carrier chemicals.
If you have active termites I highly suggest a carrier kind chemical to eliminate the colony. If you use the obstacle chemical you will move them somewhere else. If you cannot see where they are coming from the ground into your home after a thorough inspection but you are seeing signs of damage on your walls then they make a carrier chemical obtainable in a can with an applicator to inject into your walls where there is termite activity so they will carry it back to their nest. If they are coming from the ground, then treat the ground where they coming into your with a liquid carrier chemical. Two types of great carrier chemicals are fipronil and imidacloprid.